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上海市闵行区居民主要行为危险因素调查分析
作者:尉敏琦  李枫  朱媛妍  王健  梅克雯   
单位:上海市闵行区疾病预防控制中心  复旦大学公共卫生学院  上海市闵行区爱国卫生运动委员会办公室  
关键词:行为危险因素  吸烟  饮酒  体育锻炼  伤害  
分类号:R195
出版年,卷(期):页码:2011,27(5):329-331
摘要:

目的了解上海市闵行区居民主要行为危险因素状况,为实施个性化的健康干预提供依据。方法采用分阶段整群随机抽样的方法,对15~69岁常住居民入户调查,问卷采用《闵行区社区居民健康危险因素监测调查表》。结果共调查3170人,现在吸烟率为25.77%,饮酒超量率为18.11%,主动运动率为24.20%,以交通为目的的被动运动率为53.97%,因交通事故伤害就诊发生率为1.10%,因跌倒就诊发生率为1.99%。结论须加强重点人群的控烟限酒干预,静坐生活方式急需改善,意外伤害的预防应着眼于生活细节和行为习惯。

Objective To know about primary behavior risk factors among residents in Minhang District of Shanghai City and to provide evidence for developing effective health promotion.Methods By random sampling,residents aged 15-69 were investigated with a standardized questionnaire in their houses.Results 3170 residents were investigated.Among the residents,the smoking rate was 25.77%;the over-drinking rate was 18.11%;the active sport rate was 24.20% and the passive sport(walking for transportation) rate was 53.97%.Incidences of injury due to traffic accident and falling were 1.10% and 1.99%,respectively.Conclusion More smoking and drinking control should be carried out among the focus population.Sedentary life style among the residents should be intervened.The residents’ behaviors and life habits should be improved in order to prevent injury.

基金项目:
上海市闵行区自然科学基金项目(2008MH035)
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