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浙江省杭州市初中学生吸烟、饮酒及自杀相关行为的调查分析
作者:张新卫  张雪海  苏丹婷  方乐  余森海  潘学东  Jones.Jack  Aldinger.Carmen   
单位:浙江省疾病预防控制中心  中国疾病预防控制中心  浙江省教育厅  世界卫生组织  美国教育发展中心  
关键词:青少年  吸烟  饮酒  自杀  
分类号:C913.5
出版年,卷(期):页码:2011,27(6):434-437
摘要:

目的了解浙江省杭州市初中学生吸烟和饮酒行为的情况以及自杀相关问题。方法采用整群抽样方法,抽取杭州市初中生1802人,开展问卷调查。结果 15.7%的学生曾经吸过烟,3.2%的学生在过去30天里曾经吸过香烟;16.4%的学生在过去30天里曾经饮酒。学生吸烟与父母或监护人吸烟有关。在过去12个月中,杭州市初中生自杀意念和自杀计划发生率分别为14.5%和6.9%。其中,女生自杀意念发生率高达16.5%,高于男生的12.4%(P<0.05)。不同年级初中生的自杀意念和自杀计划发生率有所不同,其中初二学生的发生率最高,分别为17.2%和8.4%。结论青少年吸烟饮酒的情况比较普遍,自杀意念和自杀计划发生率也较高,应开展针对性的健康教育,以减少青少年吸烟、饮酒以及自杀相关问题对青少年的危害

Objective To realize the complexion about students’ smoking and alcohol drinking in middle school in Hangzhou,Zhejiang Province.Methods 1802 students were selected by clustered sampling.They were investigated by the same questionnare survey.Results 15.7% of surveyed students had ever tried cigarette smoking,3.2% of surveyed students had smoked cigarettes during the past 30 days,16.4% of surveyed students had at least one drink containing alcohol during the past 30 days.The rate of suicide ideation and suicide plan in the last year among junior high school students were 14.5% and 6.9%,respectively,and the rate of suicide ideation among females(16.5%) was much higher than males’(12.4%).Results indicated statistical differences among students from different grades for rates of suicide ideation and suicide plan,and these two rates for students of Grade Two were 17.2% and 8.4%,which were the highest among the three grades.Conclusion The complexion of smoking and alcohol drinking in the adolescence are at large,and suicide ideation and suicide plan were also a prevalent problem.To reduce the harm of smoking,drinking and suicide related problem,we shoud develop health education.

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